AD 582-602 4.34 gram Byzantine Empire - Maur. Tiberius AV Solidus Gold Coin (NGC MS)
Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in the East during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul). It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453.
Maurice Tiberius, emperor A.D. 582-602. The successor of his father-in-law Tiberius II Constantine (A.D. 578-582), Maurice was one of the most effective emperors in Byzantine history, and is venerated as a saint in the Orthodox Church. He inherited much to deal with: poor finances, famine, the plague, religious infighting, aggressive enemies and too vast an empire to rule effectively. Though he lost the Byzantine foothold in Spain, he shored up the more important administrations in Italy and North Africa, and was remarkably successful in dealing with the Persians. He had difficulty, however, containing an invasion of the Balkans by the Avars and Slavs, during which the Avars advanced to the walls of Constantinople. Throughout his reign Maurice had to resort to austere measures to save money. One such effort caused the army he’d led across the Danube to rise in mutiny, and Maurice and his sons were murdered in favor of a junior officer named Phocas. This gold semissis (half-solidus) of Maurice bears a simplistic portrait that is typical of the era.
This Ancient gold coin is graded with Ch MS (Mint State) by NGC.